Safaris Botswana

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Safaris-Botswana
Our most popular Safari:
Botswana Family Safari
10 nights/11 days Botswana Safari
starting at $2850 per person
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African Crocodile in Botswana, Chobe River Chobe National park
 
Safaris-Botswana

Puff Adder - Bitis arietans

The puff adder is a thick, heavily built snake has a large, flattened, triangular head and large nostrils which point vertically upwards. The scales are heavily keeled, in 29-41 rows at midbody. The body is yellow-brown to light brown, with black, pale-edged chevrons on the back and bars on the tail; sometimes the chevrons are lost in the general speckled colouring. There are dark blotches on the crown of the head and between the eyes, and two oblique bars from the eye to the lip. The belly is white or yellow, with a few scattered blotches. Unusual patterns are known to occur. Males are smaller and more brightly coloured than females.

This common adder is a sluggish snake. It emerges at dusk, lying in cover and ambushing prey, which includes rodents and birds, and even other snakes and tortoises. It has effective camouflage. If disturbed, it adopts a striking posture and usually warns by giving a deep, hollow hiss. Once heard, it is not easily forgotten. It strikes readily. The puff adder normally moves in "caterpillar" fashion, leaving a straight, deep track in sand. It may climb into low scrub to bask, particularly when gravid. It often swims, and lies on warm roads at night. It lives for up to 14 years if it has plenty of warmth and sunshine. The venom is cytotoxic, often causing extensive swelling, pain and necrosis. Yields are large (100-350 mg); 100 mg is fatal in humans. The long fangs (12-18 mm) inject the venom deeply, and bites are usually inflicted on the lower leg. Bites are common, but only a small proportion proves fatal; nonetheless, this snake causes over 60% of serious bites in the region, and is responsible for most of the fatalities. Death usually results from kidney failure and other complications caused by the extensive swelling. It is essential to treat a victim of its bite for fluid loss, and antivenom should be used in serious cases. Males engage in combat and trail females in spring.

Large litters, usually consisting of 20-40 young (150-200 mm) are born in late summer. The puff adder is widely spread throughout Botswana.

 

Safaris Botswana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Safaris Botswana

 

Lodges and Camps in Botswana: Audi Camp - Camp Moremi -Camp Okuti - Camp Okavango - Chief's Camp - Chitabe Camp - Chobe Game Lodge - Chobe Marina Lodge - Crocodile Camp - Deception Valley Lodge - Delta Safari Camp - Duba Plains Camp - Duma Tau Lodge - Elephant Camp Victoria Falls - Footsteps Camp - Gunn's Camp - Grassland Safari Lodge - Jacana Camp - Kanana Camp - Kings Pool - Kubu Safari Lodge - Kwara Camp Okavango Delta - Leroo-la-Tau - Linyanti Camp - Little Mombo Camp - Mariolina's Victoria Falls - Mapula Lodge - Mombo Safari Camp - Motsentsela Tree Lodge - Nxabega Okavango Safari Camp - Pom Pom Camp - Sandibe Safari Lodge - Santawani - Savute Safari Lodge - Savuti Camp - Semetsi Camp - Xakanaxa Camp - Xigera Camp - Xugana Lodge

Botswana Destinations: Chief's Island - Chobe National Park - Gemsbok National Park - Kalahari - Khwai - Linyanti - Makgadikgadi Pans - Maun - Moremi Game Reserve - Nogatsaa/Tchinga - Nxai Pan - Okavango Delta - Savute - Tsodilo hills - Tuli Block - Xakanaxa

Zimbabwe Destinations: Victoria Falls

Birds of Botswana: Crowned Plover - Blue Waxbill - Cormorant - Egyptian Goose - Fish Eagle - Grey Lourie - Kingfisher - Kori Bustard - Lilacbreasted Roller - Ostrich - Saddlebilled Stork - Secretary Bird

Mammals of Botswana: African Wild Dog - African Elephant - Baboon - Bat-Eared-Fox - Brown Hyena - Buffalo - Bushpig - Cheetah - Eland - Genet - Giraffe - Hartebeest - Hippo - Impala - Jackal - Kudu - Leopard - Lion - Oryx - Puku - Red Lechwe - Roan Antelope - Sable Antelope - Sitatunga - Slender Mongoose - Spotted Hyena - Springbok - Squirrel - Surikate - Tsessebe - Warthog - Waterbuck - Wildebeest - Zebra

Reptiles of Botswana: African Rock Python - African Crocodile - Black Mamba - Cape Cobra - Chameleon - Gecko - Leopard Tortoise - Monitor Lizard - Mozambican Cobra - Puff Adder