Safaris Botswana

return to:
Site Map

Our most popular Safari:
Botswana Family Safari
10 nights/11 days Botswana Safari
starting at $2850 per person
sharing accommodation

African Crocodile in Botswana, Chobe River Chobe National park

Horned Adder - Bitis caudalis

The Horned Adder is distinguished by the presence if a single hornlike scale above each eye. The triangular head is distinct from the body which ends in a short thin tail. For males the maximum recorded head-body length is 372 mm and 548 mm for females. The dorsal scales are strongly keeled. The basic colour varies from pale grey, light reddish, greyish to dark brown and tends to match the regional substrate. A dark mark on the head may vary from a V- to an hourglass-shape. The tail tip may be black, while the underside of the body is cream to yellowish white. Becoming active at dusk, it tends to lie in ambush at the base of shrubs, tufts of grass or bushes, may shuffle into sand until only the top of the head and the tail are visible. Feeds on rodents, lizards and occasionally on sand frogs, often with strong regional or individual preferences for either warm or cold blooded prey items.
The Horned Adder prefers rocky mountain ridges. A regionally common resident of the dryer western areas, ranging from the Atlantic coast through Namibia, southern Botswana into southern Zimbabwe, the North West Province to Gauteng in South Africa, the Northern Cape and south into the little Karoo. The viper avoids the wind-blown dunes of the Namib but otherwise inhabits arid to dry sandy savannah.

Mating takes place in spring to early summer and 4 to 15 (max.27) young, with a total length of 100 to 150 mm, are born in between December and February. Although the poison is remarkably effective and quick acting on rodents, its effect on humans is mild, causing a local swelling and sometimes some necrosis at the bite site.

Safaris Botswana





























Safaris Botswana


Lodges and Camps in Botswana: Audi Camp - Camp Moremi -Camp Okuti - Camp Okavango - Chief's Camp - Chitabe Camp - Chobe Game Lodge - Chobe Marina Lodge - Crocodile Camp - Deception Valley Lodge - Delta Safari Camp - Duba Plains Camp - Duma Tau Lodge - Elephant Camp Victoria Falls - Footsteps Camp - Gunn's Camp - Grassland Safari Lodge - Jacana Camp - Kanana Camp - Kings Pool - Kubu Safari Lodge - Kwara Camp Okavango Delta - Leroo-la-Tau - Linyanti Camp - Little Mombo Camp - Mariolina's Victoria Falls - Mapula Lodge - Mombo Safari Camp - Motsentsela Tree Lodge - Nxabega Okavango Safari Camp - Pom Pom Camp - Sandibe Safari Lodge - Santawani - Savute Safari Lodge - Savuti Camp - Semetsi Camp - Xakanaxa Camp - Xigera Camp - Xugana Lodge

Botswana Destinations: Chief's Island - Chobe National Park - Gemsbok National Park - Kalahari - Khwai - Linyanti - Makgadikgadi Pans - Maun - Moremi Game Reserve - Nogatsaa/Tchinga - Nxai Pan - Okavango Delta - Savute - Tsodilo hills - Tuli Block - Xakanaxa

Zimbabwe Destinations: Victoria Falls

Birds of Botswana: Crowned Plover - Blue Waxbill - Cormorant - Egyptian Goose - Fish Eagle - Grey Lourie - Kingfisher - Kori Bustard - Lilacbreasted Roller - Ostrich - Saddlebilled Stork - Secretary Bird

Mammals of Botswana: African Wild Dog - African Elephant - Baboon - Bat-Eared-Fox - Brown Hyena - Buffalo - Bushpig - Cheetah - Eland - Genet - Giraffe - Hartebeest - Hippo - Impala - Jackal - Kudu - Leopard - Lion - Oryx - Puku - Red Lechwe - Roan Antelope - Sable Antelope - Sitatunga - Slender Mongoose - Spotted Hyena - Springbok - Squirrel - Surikate - Tsessebe - Warthog - Waterbuck - Wildebeest - Zebra

Reptiles of Botswana: African Rock Python - African Crocodile - Black Mamba - Cape Cobra - Chameleon - Gecko - Leopard Tortoise - Monitor Lizard - Mozambican Cobra - Puff Adder